Top Five Reasons why you should switch to Git – Easy Guide
If you are involved in software development, chances are that you use certain tools for monitoring changes in your source code during the developmental process.
While there are many reasonable alternatives out there, in my opinion, the best of the bunch is Git, mainly due to its unique take on how it treats data.
To expand on this, I will give a few reasons for why I think so.
So, here’s my opinion on why you should switch to Git. Not sure what I’m on about? You can learn what is Git from Hostens.com experts.
Top Git Advantages
Here are some of the advantages of using Git, a distributed version control system widely used in software development:
- Distributed Version Control: Git is a distributed version control system, meaning that every developer has a complete copy of the entire project history. This allows for easier collaboration among team members, even when they are working remotely or offline. Each developer can work independently and merge their changes later.
- Branching and Merging: Git makes it easy to create branches for different features or bug fixes. Developers can work on separate branches without affecting the main codebase. Once their work is complete, they can merge it back into the main branch. This promotes parallel development and reduces conflicts.
- Lightweight: Git is lightweight and fast, making it suitable for both small and large projects. It doesn’t require a lot of disk space, and most operations are performed locally, speeding up the development process.
- Data Integrity: Git uses a SHA-1 hash to ensure the integrity of data. Every change made to a file is tracked, and if any data is corrupted or lost, Git can detect it. This provides a high level of data reliability.
- Staging Area: Git has a staging area (also known as the “index”), which allows developers to selectively choose which changes to commit. This gives them fine-grained control over what goes into each commit.
- Easy Collaboration: Git facilitates collaboration among team members. Multiple developers can work on the same project simultaneously, and Git helps manage conflicts when merging changes. This collaborative nature is crucial for open-source projects.
- Version History: Git maintains a complete history of changes made to the project. This allows developers to track when and why specific changes were made, which can be invaluable for debugging and auditing.
- Security: Git provides authentication and authorization features to control who can access and modify the repository. This ensures the security of the codebase.
- Flexibility: Git is not limited to code; it can manage any type of file or content. This makes it suitable for a wide range of projects, including software development, documentation, and more.
- Large Ecosystem: Git has a vast ecosystem of tools, services, and hosting platforms (such as GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket) that integrate seamlessly with it. These platforms offer features like issue tracking, continuous integration, and code review, enhancing the development workflow.
- Open Source: Git is open-source software, which means it is freely available for anyone to use, modify, and contribute to. This openness has led to a large and active community of users and developers, resulting in continuous improvements and support.
Git’s advantages include its distributed nature, branching and merging capabilities, lightweight design, data integrity, staging area, collaboration features, version history, security, flexibility, and its extensive ecosystem. These factors have made Git a fundamental tool in modern software development.
It saves valuable time
Out of all tools of a similar nature, I have yet to find a program which is able to work as fast as Git. In many ways, software development is like building a complex tower from very simple blocks. Every bit has to be thought out carefully, in order to create a product the way it was intended.
Sometimes you do have to work at a snail’s pace, writing bits and pieces of code throughout your work and every minute saved allows you to be more efficient throughout the day. With Git, you get a version control system which does not hold you back. As we all know, time is money.
You can work offline
What if you want to work somewhere where there’s no internet connection? What if there’s a sudden outage at your home or work? With other alternatives like Subversion or VCS, you’d be at a loss, since everything depends on your connection to the central repository.
Meanwhile, with Git, almost all functionality and libraries are available locally on your device. Here you can: browse your history on the project, make a commit, merge or create new branches and so on.
Here, you decide when and where you want to work and you’re not held back by your own tools.
Very easy to undo
Even the most experienced developers make mistakes in their code from time to time, we all know that.
Made a commit, but noticed a tiny little mistake you made in the process? Time to revert it completely right? Not with Git though.
Here you will find a small “Undo” button which will let you correct your last commit without the trouble of a full revert. But, of course, if you still need to do it, you can.
Also, you can even recover deleted ones, since Git rarely permanently deletes anything. Talk about peace of mind.
Your code is safe from mistakes
Ever ruined a repository before? If you haven’t, trust me, you don’t want to experience that. Anyway, even if that happens, you can remain totally calm, since Git saves a copy of the repository on every team member’s computer that’s working on the project.
Also, as I’ve said in the previous part, data is rarely deleted from Git. This means that most of it can be easily recovered if any mistakes were made in the development process.
Ensure that your commits are useful
Imagine the chaos if you start committing multiple unrelated changes to the project. A bit of code here, a bit of more there, a fix over there. Your teammates would be very displeased, to say the least with all the reverting and undoing they would have to do in order to understand what is done.
Git allows you to commit what it calls granular commits. Here you can pinpoint exactly what changes were made, even to single code lines. This is where this tool shines especially bright.
In contrast to Subversion, where a repository can be vulnerable to accidental damage or corruption, Git provides a high level of reliability. Each clone of a Git repository on a team member’s machine serves as a complete and usable backup. This redundancy minimizes the risk of data loss and gives developers peace of mind.
Git operates in a non-destructive manner, which means that most actions in Git only add data, and deleting data is relatively rare. This makes it difficult to irreparably damage the repository or lose valuable history. The non-destructive nature of Git contributes to its robustness.
Git encourages developers to make granular commits. In contrast to mixing unrelated changes in a single commit, Git’s staging area allows developers to precisely choose which changes to include in each commit, even down to single lines of code. This practice results in a cleaner and more understandable version history, making it easier for teammates to follow the development process and isolate issues.
Git allows developers to tailor their workflow to suit their preferences. Whether you prefer a centralized or distributed approach, Git accommodates various workflows. You can work with multiple remote repositories, use rebasing instead of merging, or employ submodules when needed. Git’s flexibility ensures that you can work in a way that feels most comfortable and efficient for you and your team.
Isolation of Concerns
Git supports the separation of concerns by facilitating the creation of branches. While working on a specific feature or fix, developers can isolate their changes to a separate branch. This isolation ensures that unfinished code doesn’t interfere with other parts of the project. It also makes it easier to discard changes if they are no longer needed or if a different approach is required.
Git is versatile and can be adapted to fit the needs of your project or team. Whether you choose a simple centralized workflow similar to Subversion or opt for a more complex distributed approach, Git’s benefits remain consistent. You can select the level of complexity that matches your project’s requirements.
Git has gained widespread adoption and is used by numerous well-known companies and open-source projects, including Ruby on Rails, jQuery, Perl, Debian, and the Linux Kernel. The thriving Git community has led to the development of extensive resources, tutorials, tools, and services that enhance the Git ecosystem. This community support makes Git an attractive choice for developers.
In summary, Git offers reliability, non-destructive operations, granular commits, workflow flexibility, isolation of concerns, adaptability, and a strong community. These advantages make Git a versatile and powerful version control system that can benefit developers and teams of all sizes.
All in all
I gave my take on Git and why I believe it’s the best program to monitor your development process. There’s the many undo options, backups and fast speed which really stand out from others. I’m sure it could help any software developer out there.
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